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In introduction to HCI class.

Leveraging Framing Effects to Enhance Personal Productivity

Young-Ho Kim, Jae Ho Jeon, Eun Kyoung Choe, Bongshin Lee, KwonHyun Kim, and Jinwook Seo / 2016



  • Young-Ho Kim, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Jae Ho Jeon, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Eun Kyoung Choe, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
  • Bongshin Lee, Microsoft Research, Redmond, WA, USA
  • KwonHyun Kim, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Jinwook Seo, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea


To help people enhance their personal productivity by providing effective feedback, we designed and developed TimeAware, a self-monitoring system for capturing and reflecting on personal computer usage behaviors. TimeAware employs an ambient widget to promote self-awareness and to lower the feedback access burden, and web-based information dashboard to visualize people’s detailed computer usage. To examine the effect of framing on individual’s productivity, we designed two versions of TimeAware, each with a different framing setting—one emphasizing productive activities (positive framing) and the other emphasizing distracting activities (negative framing), and conducted an eight-week deployment study (N = 24). We found a significant effect of framing on participants’ productivity: only participants in the negative framing condition improved their productivity. The ambient widget seemed to help sustain engagement with data and enhance self-awareness. We discuss how to leverage framing effects to help people enhance their productivity, and how to design successful productivity monitoring tool.



This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (No. NRF-2014R1A2A2A03006998). The ICT at Seoul National University provided the research facilities for this study.

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