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In introduction to HCI class.

Matrix-based pairwise time series comparison

Hyunjoo Song, Bongshin Lee, Bohyoung Kim, and Jinwook Seo / 2012



  • Hyunjoo Song, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Bongshin Lee, Microsoft Research, Redmond, WA, USA
  • Bohyoung Kim, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of Korea
  • Jinwook Seo, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Project Description

Line graphs have been commonly used for visualizing temporal trends in time series data. Since comparing trends is one of the main tasks for analyzing multiple temporal trends, many efforts have been made to enhance visual representations of line graphs to help people efficiently compare multiple temporal trends. However, as the number of line graphs increases, the overlap makes it difficult to perform comparison and other analyses. In this paper, we introduce DiffMatrix, a matrix-based interactive visualization designed to support effective analyses of a large number of time series data. It employs four visual representations for each cell in the matrix to show the difference between two time series-dual lines, diff line, diff area, diff heatmap-and a detail view to support more indepth analyses on individual line graphs. DiffMatrix allows users to seamlessly switch between these representations that best support their tasks. We also report possible future work we identified through case studies with three real-world time series datasets with a large number of series.


This work was supported in part by the BK21 Project in 2010 and by Basic Science Research Program through NRF of Korea funded by the MEST (No. 2010-0002266 and No. 2010-0017178). The ICT at Seoul National University provides research facilities for this study.